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China facts that you need to know

China facts are listed below; the facts outline who they are and a basic history of the country. As a super power that has ties with many countries outside of Asia it is essential for people to now basic China facts and what the country is about.

Formal name: People’s Republic of China (PRC)

Capital: Beijing

Head of State: President Xi Jinping elected July 2013.

National flag: Red flag with five stars.

National emblem: Tiananmen Gate tower under five stars, encircled by ears of grain and with a gear wheel below.

National anthem: March of the Volunteers, written in 1935, with lyrics by the poet Tian Han and music by the composer Nie Er, honoring those who went to the front to fight the Japanese invaders in northeast China in the 1930s. Decided upon as the provisional national anthem of the new China on September 27, 1949, at the First Plenary Session of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), the song was officially adopted as the national anthem of the PRC on December 4, 1982, by the National People’s Congress (NPC).

Animal: The giant panda is considered a Chinese national treasure. Just over 1,000 survive in the wild, most of them to be found in Sichuan Province.

Flower: China does not have an “official” national flower, but the tree peony can be regarded as a national favorite. The tree peony (mudan) received the most votes in an unofficial survey conducted in 1994 in every district in China asking people to select a national flower.

Bird: More bird species live in China than any other place in the world. Shaanxi Province’s red ibis is also a national treasure. Only some 1,500 of this highly endangered bird species exist. Other cranes found in China include the Siberian white, common, black-necked, sarus, hooded, white-naped, and demoiselle.

Tree: The oldest tree in the world is China’s gingko, which first appeared during the Jurassic Age some 160 million years ago.

National Day: Chinese celebrate October 1 as National Day in honor of the founding of the People’s Republic of China on October 1, 1949.

Other national holidaysSpring Festival (the celebration of Chinese New Year, generally between the last 15-day period of January and mid-February) and International Labor Day (May 1). Major holidays in China are for family reunions and traveling. Starting in October 1999, China’s three official holidays became “Golden Weeks” each with seven days’ vacation made possible by working four extra days before the commencement of the holiday and afterwards.

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